Issue Seven

What are the principle arguments advanced by the Non-Human Rights Project (NHRP) for recognition of animal personhood? 


Secondary Sources 

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Attenborough, D.(2021) ‘Extinction: The Facts’ 

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Barlow, R. (2021) ‘Nonhuman Rights: Is it time to unlock the cage?’ Available at: <> accessed 05 March 2021.  

Bourke, D. (2009) ‘The Use and Misuse of Rights Talk’ The use and misuse of ‘rights talk’ by the animal rights movement. In P. Sankoff & S. White (Eds.), Animal law in Australasia: A new dialogue pp. 128–152. 

Choplin, L. (2017) ‘Chimpanzee Recognized as Legal Person,’  

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Coronado, K. (2020) ‘Jane Goodall has lived her dream: Saving wild chimps’ The Washington Post. 

Danil Roland, L. ‘Legal Personhood for non-human animals? The case of the non-human rights project,’ 

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Fischer-Lescano, A. (2020) ‘Nature as a Legal Person: Proxy Constellations in Law,’ Law & Literature 32:2, 237-262. 

Francione, G. ‘Animals as Persons: Essays on the Abolition of Animal Exploitation,’ (Columbia University Press 2008) 

Gellers, JC (2020) Earth System law and the legal status of non-humans in the Anthropocene,  

In Earth System Governance

Goldsworthy, J. Parliamentary Sovereignty Contemporary Debates (CUP 2010). 

Gorman, J. (2013) ‘Considering the Humanity of Nonhumans,’ 

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Nussbaum, MC. (2018) ‘Working with and For Animals – Getting the Theoretical Framework Right,’ Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Volume 19 Issue 1. 

NHRP (2021) ‘Challenging the legal thinghood of autonomous nonhuman animals,’ <> accessed 14 March 2021. 

O’Callaghan, M.  (2018) ‘The Long March: RTÉ’s unmissable civil rights doc airs tonight’ <> accessed 02 April 2021. 

Orwell, G. Animal Farm (Everyman’s Library 1993). 

Parkin, F. (1988) Max Weber, London: Routledge. 

Peters, A. (2016) ‘Liberté, Egalité, Animalité: Human–Animal Comparisons in Law’ (2016) 5(1) Transnational Environmental Law, pp. 25–53. 

Posner, RA (2000) Animal Rights, Yale LJ 110. 

Preston, A. (2020) ‘Coronavirus lockdown behind a spike in demand for adoptions at Northern Ireland animal shelters’  

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Radford, M. Animal welfare law in Britain: regulation and responsibility (OUP 2001). 

Roy, EA (2017) ‘New Zealand river granted same legal rights as human being,’ <> accessed 29 March 2021. 

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Schneider, K. (2020) ‘Annual Report’ <> accessed 05 April 2021. 

Singer, P.  Animal Liberation (Pimlico 1995). 

Staker, A (2017) ‘Should Chimpanzees Have Standing? The Case for Pursuing Legal Personhood for Non-Human Animals,’ Transnational Environmental Law, Vol. 6, Issue 2 pp.485-508. 

Sztybel, S. ‘Can the Treatment of Animals Be Compared to the Holocaust, Ethics & the Environment’ (Indiana University Press 2006) 11(1):97-132. 

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Waldau, P. Animal Rights: What everyone needs to know (OUP 2011).   

Wise, S.  (2010) ‘Legal Personhood and the NHRP’ 17 Animal Law, pp.1-11. 

Wise, S. (2000) ‘Rattling the Cage: Towards Legal Rights for Animals,’ Perseus Books: Cambridge MA. 

Wise, S. (2021) ‘Steve Wise of the Non-Human Rights Project’  

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Wise, S. (2014) ‘The Nonhuman Rights Project’  

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Wise, S. (2018) ‘The Struggle of the Nonhuman Rights Project for the Legal Personhood of Nonhuman Animals,’ <> accessed 07 April 2021. 

Zimmermann, T. (2013) ‘Why the Non-Human Rights Project could be huge,’ <> accessed 12 March 2021.  

Case list 

Hercules & Leo, 49 Misc. 3D 746 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 2015). 

Nonhuman Rights Project, Inc v Lavery (2017) NY Slip OP 04574 [Tommy & Kiko]. 

People of the State of New York, ex rel The Nonhuman Rights Project, on behalf of Tommy v Thomas C Lavery, [2014] 124 AD 3d 148 [Tommy]. 

Somerset v Stewart (1772) 98 ER 499. 

THE NONHUMAN RIGHTS PROJECT, INC. on behalf of HAPPY, Petitioner, v. JAMES J. BREHENY, in his official capacity as Executive Vice President and General Director of Zoos and Aquariums of the Wildlife Conservation Society and Director of the Bronx Zoo, and WILDLIFE CONSERVATION SOCIETY (Appellate Case No. 2020-02581) 

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