Issue Seven

The Deficiency in Defamation Laws in Northern Ireland and the Protection of Human Rights 



The Defamation Act 1952, s 18(2) 

The Defamation Act 1996, s 18(3) 

The Defamation Act (NI) 1955 

The Defamation and Malicious Publication (Scotland) Act 2021 

The Human Rights Act 1998 

Table of Cases 

Elliot v Flanagan [2016] NIQB 8 

Reynolds v Times Newspapers Ltd [2001] 2 AC 127 

Secondary Sources 

Anthony, Helen “A Final Report on the Problems Created by Defamation Procedure with Recommendations for Change” (The Alternative Libel Project, Mar 2012) <> accessed 21 Nov 2021 

Article 19, “Revised Defining Defamation Principles: Background Paper” (Free World Centre, 2016) < > accessed 21 Nov 2021 

Grace, Molly “The Draft Defamation Bill- A Radical Change” (2012) 1 Manchester Student L Rev 86 

Hanna, Mark “A New Moment for Defamation Law Reform in Northern Ireland?” (The Foreign Policy Centre, 2 Jun 2021) <> accessed 21 Nov 2021 

Human Rights Committee, General Comment No. 34 Article 19 (Freedoms of opinion and expression), adopted 12 Sept 2011, UN Doc CCPR/C/GC/34 

Index on censorship, “Joint Response to the Committee For Finance in Relation to the Defamation Bill” (Northern Ireland Assembly) <> accessed 21 Nov 2021 

Law Commission, Defamation Law in Northern Ireland (Law Com CP No 19, 2014) 

News Letter, “Report Recommends Northern Ireland Libel Law Reform” (JPI Media Publishing, 19 Jul 2016) <file:///Users/alyssaandrade/Downloads/Report%20recommends%20Northern%20Ireland%20 libel%20law%20 reform.html> accessed 21 Nov 2021   

Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, “The Use of SLAPPs to Silence Journalists, NGOs and Civil Society” European Parliament (PE 694.782, 2021)  

Potter, Michael, Northern Ireland Assembly, The Defamation Act 2013 (Cm 369, 2013) 90 

Vick, Douglas W “An Opportunity Lost: The United Kingdom’s Failed Reform of Defamation Law” (1997) 49 Federal Commissions LJ 621 

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