Faculty @ University of Maryland, US

Thursday June 30 – 18.30 BST

Towards reconciliation of completely positive open system dynamics with equilibration postulate

Why do chaotic quantum many-body systems thermalize internally? The eigenstate thermalization hypothesis (ETH) explains why if the Hamiltonian lacks degeneracies. If the Hamiltonian conserves one quantity (“charge”), the ETH implies thermalization within an eigenspace of the charge—in a microcanonical subspace. But, as was recently pointed out in quantum thermodynamics, quantum systems can have charges that fail to commute with each other and so share no eigenbasis; microcanonical subspaces may not exist. Worse, the Hamiltonian will have degeneracies, so the ETH need not imply thermalization. We adapt the ETH to noncommuting charges by positing a non-Abelian ETH and invoking the approximate microcanonical subspace introduced in quantum thermodynamics. We apply the non-Abelian ETH in calculating local observables’ time-averaged. In many cases, we prove, the time average thermalizes. However, we find anomalous corrections to thermal predictions under a physically reasonable assumption. This work bridges noncommuting charges, recently on the rise in quantum thermodynamics, to the ETH, a cornerstone of many-body physics.

Murthy, Babakhani, Iniguez, Srednicki, and NYH, arXiv:2206.05310
NYH and Majidy, npj Quantum Information 8, 10 (2022).
Kranzl, Lasek, Joshi, Kalev, Blatt, Roos, and NYH, arXiv:2202.04652