Dr Mark Gardiner
Mark’s research draws upon both written and material sources of evidence to look at the way people lived and perceived the world in the later Middle Ages. He has a particular interest in the way in which people organized domestic space to reflect ideas of social hierarchy, the separation of activities and concepts of privacy and self. Similar ideas have been explored in the context of landscapes, looking at the perception of marshlands, the sea and the division of land by communities.
The same approach has driven a long-term project to look at trade in the north Atlantic from 1400 onwards. This study conducted with German and Norwegian colleagues looks at the way in which traded goods change their meanings according to their context, and how the business of trade worked on a local basis. Previous work was focussed on Iceland, but more recent field studies have examined late medieval and post-medieval Shetland.
Closer to home, work has been done on how medieval archaeologists have constructed a distorted image on the Irish rural past drawing upon social theories and the 19th-century countryside.
Recent publications include a study and edition of Accounts and Records of the Manor of Mote in Iden, 1442-1551.